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Size of South African industries unpacked

September 30, 2014

According to figures released by Stats SA, the total income for the mining industry in 2012 was R408 billion.

“Platinum gives us the highest income in the sector,” statistician general Pali Lehohla said in Pretoria. “Mining was the fifth largest contributor to the GDP.”

Platinum contributed 29% with R117 billion, followed by coal and lignite at 23%, or R96 billion. Iron ore contributed 17% or R68 billion, and gold and uranium ore 16% at R67 billion. “The value of mineral sales for the industry was R377 billion,” he said.

The largest contributor was coal with about R91 billion followed by platinum group metals R88 billion, gold R67 billion and iron ore with R63 billion. All other minerals in the mining industry made up the other R69 billion. The mining industry employed 535 000 people, the bulk of them in the platinum sector.

“The largest number of persons were employed in mines located in the North West.” The North West employed 38% of mineworkers, Mpumalanga 18%, Gauteng 16%, and Limpopo 12%.

The total expenditure for the mining industry was R318 billion. The largest expenditure was purchases with 33%, followed by salaries and wages 22% or about R70 billion. Subcontractors and depreciation were both eight percent.

Women made up 12% of employees. The industry with the most women employees was the chemical and fertiliser minerals sector, at 40%.

The mining census covered about 1500 mines on a list from the mineral resources department and the questionnaires were completed from 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012.

Total industry turnover

The total turnover of all industries is estimated at R1,86 trillion for the second quarter of 2014.

“There was a decrease of 0,5% between March and June,” Lehohla said.

In the revised first quarter of 2014, the total turnover was R1,87 trillion for the quarterly financial statistics. “In four of the eight industries, the turnover decreased.” He said the largest decrease was in mining and quarrying, which dropped by 5,7%.

“The mining industry performed badly because of industrial action,” said Lehohla.

Community, social and personal services (excluding government institutions) dropped by 4,5%, manufacturing by 2,5% and trade by 0,2%.

“The strike in the manufacturing industry may have had a huge impact.”

Electricity and water supply increased by 14,5%, construction by 4,4%, transport, storage and communication by 2,2% and real estate and other business services by 1,7%. Financial intermediation and insurance were not included.

Lehohla said despite the slight quarter-on-quarter drop in the electricity sector, there was an increase annually.

“Year-on-year the increase has been positive,” he said.

Turnover of all industries for the second quarter of 2013 was R1,706 trillion.

Source: SAPA

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