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The Integrated Urban Development Framework (IUDF)

April 27, 2016

IUDFThe Integrated Urban Development Framework (IUDF) is a policy initiative of the Government of South Africa, coordinated by the Department Of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA).  The IUDF seeks to foster a shared understanding across government and society about how best to manage urbanisation and achieve the goals of economic development, job creation and improved living conditions for our people

The South African Cabinet adopted the draft IUDF in September 2014 for extensive public engagement that will continue for a year before it is finalised in November 2015. Submission forms can be downloaded from the IUDF website. The IUDF was informed by feedback received on a discussion document published in October 2013, Towards an Integrated Urban Development Framework. The intention was to promote vigorous public debate and engagement by putting forward available evidence and some of the most vexing urban development policy issues.

During that period, the Panel of Experts worked on eleven technical Background Research Reports: Demographic trends; Territorial dynamics of the economy; Rural-urban symbiosis; Infrastructure; Spatial resilience; State-owned enterprises (SOEs) and other public entities; Urban risk; Inter-governmental and fiscal relations; Social empowerment and inclusion; Existing policies in relation to the IUDF; and Urban safety. These are available upon request.

The Panel of Experts, in conjunction with the IUDF inter-departmental technical committee, produced the papers.

Panel of Experts

The Panel of Experts comprise of: Prof Peter Gotsch, Mr Graeme Gotz, Dr Ailsa Holloway, Prof Philip Harrison, Dr Lindile Ndabeni, Dr Vuyo Mahlati(deputy chairperson), Mr Pascal Moloi, Prof Edgar Pieterse (chairperson), Ms Wendy Ovens, Mr David Savage, Mr Rashid Seedat, Prof Mark Swilling, and Prof Ivan Turok.

The programme of work is overall led by Dr. Modjadji Malahlela, Chief Director at Cooperative Governance and Traditonal Affairs.

The IUDF was produced through an iterative process of research and engagement since January 2013. Prof Edgar Pieterse serves as the chairperson of the Panel of Experts appointed by the Minister of CoGTA to support this policy initiative.

South Africa’s urban population is growing larger and younger, and it is envisaged that nearly 80% of the total population will be living in an urban area by 2050.

The United Nations estimates that 71.3% of South Africa’s population will live in urban areas by 2030, nearly 80% by 2050. South Africa’s urban population is growing larger and younger. Two-thirds of South African youth live in urban areas.

Cities and large towns produced over 80% of the national gross value added and metros were growing twice as fast as other cities, he explained. Towns had much higher – about 40% – average incomes compared to the country as a whole, while employment grew twice as fast in metros.”Between 1996 and 2012, metros accounted for 75% of all net jobs created in South Africa. Despite this, ‘urbanisation of poverty’ is increasing, especially in townships, informal settlements and inner cities.”Urban areas are dynamically linked to rural areas – flows of people, natural and economic resources. Urban and rural areas are becoming increasingly integrated, as a result of better transport, communications and migration,” Nel explained.Interdependence of rural and urban spaces needed a comprehensive, integrated approach to urban development.High concentrations of people, buildings and infrastructure, he added, increased risk to natural disasters, climate change and variability. Reducing urban risk was critical to achieving sustainable urban growth. Safety, particularly in public spaces, was an essential ingredient for the creation of liveable and prosperous cities.The deputy minister said urban spaces needed to be designed and managed in a way that made citizens feel safe from violence and crime.”By 2030, South Africa should see reviving rural areas and creating more integrated, balanced and vibrant urban settlements… To achieve this, the country must clarify and relentlessly pursue a national vision for spatial development.”

To achieve the vision, there were four strategic goals:

  • Access: to ensure people have access to social and economic services, opportunities and choices;
  • Growth: to harness urban dynamism for inclusive, sustainable economic growth and development;
  • Governance: to enhance the capacity of the state and its citizens to work together to achieve social integration; and,
  • Spatial transformation: to forge new spatial forms in settlement, transport, social and economic areas.

 

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