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SA Stats

List Updated: August 2013

Population:
48,810,427 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 28.4% (male 6,955,602/female 6,914,246)
15-24 years: 21% (male 5,194,233/female 5,065,568)
25-54 years: 37.9% (male 9,550,500/female 8,958,997)
55-64 years: 6.8% (male 1,427,820/female 1,878,324)
65 years and over: 5.9% (male 1,151,510/female 1,713,627) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 25.3 years
male: 25 years
female: 25.6 years (2012 est.)

Note:
The median age of whites in the latest census is 38 years compared with 33 years in 1996. Black people’s median age is still 21 years. All population groups grew older, except black people.

Population growth rate:
-0.412% (2012 est.)

Birth rate:
19.32 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate:17.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate:
-6.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2012 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 62% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities – population:
Johannesburg 3.607 million;
Cape Town 3.353 million;
Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.144 million;
Durban 2.837 million;
PRETORIA (capital) 1.404 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 42.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 46.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 49.41 years
male: 50.34 years
female: 48.45 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.28 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health:
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate17.8% (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS5.6 million (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths310,000 (2009 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 84% of population
rural: 65% of population
total: 77% of population

unimproved:
urban: 16% of population
rural: 35% of population
total: 23% of population

Correctional service:
– 150 000 prison population

Crime:
– 1 in 13 rape accused are prosecuted

Labour:
Unemployment rate: 25.6%
Labour Force participation rate: 54.8%
Labour Absorption rate: 41%
Lowest rate unemployed: 21.9% (Dec 2008)
Highest rate unemployed: 31.2% (Mar 2003)
– 13.6m employed
– 4.6m unemployed
– 2.3m discouraged job seekers
– 2.2m informal labour sector

Education:
– 28 people with a PhD for every 1 million people in SA
– 77 % of whites have matric or a higher qualification compared to just 35% of blacks

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